Jyotisha (or Jyotishyam from Sanskrit jyotiṣa, from jyótis- “light, heavenly body”) is the traditional Hindu system of Astrology also known as Hindu astrology, Indian astrology, and more recently Vedic astrology. The term Hindu astrology has been in use as the English equivalent of Jyotiṣa since the early 19th century, whereas Vedic astrology is a relatively recent term, entering common usage in the 1980s with Self-help publications on Ayurveda or yoga. Vedanga Jyothisha is one of the earliest texts about astronomy within the Vedas. However, some authors have claimed that the Horoscopic Astrology in the Indian Subcontinent came from Hellenistic influences, post-dating the Vedic Period. In epics, Ramayana and Mahabharata, only election astrology, omens, dreams, and physiognomy are used.
Following a judgment of the Andhra Pradesh in 2001, which favored astrology, some Indian universities offer advanced degrees in Hindu astrology.